Europe’s Mining Renaissance is about Europe’s quest to responsibly mine the rare metals that are needed to manufacture the cleantech products for the transition to climate neutrality. By 2030 Europe needs to achieve at least 10% of domestic extraction of lithium, cobalt, nickel, copper and rare earths. Hence, Europe will need no less than a Mining Renaissance. Not the dirty coalmining of old, which fuels the global heating problem, but future-oriented, responsible mining of the metals that are needed to catalyse Europe’s climate change strategy.